Larger west side of triangular peninsular is landside city walls, two other sides are sea-side city walls and cape side on the east is the sea shore of Topkapi Palace. This is the first, the widest and the longest of all seven hills. The palace is like a city within the city, surrounded by city walls, forming a sophisticated structure that exhibits very important and unique works. Two unique places of festive days, Aya Irini (Haghia Irene) and Istanbul Archeology Museum – also an important and unique structure of its kind –, are positioned in the first courtyard of the palace. 8th wonder of world Aya Sofya Museum, as much famous as its beauty Sultan Ahmet Mosque, Roman Hippodrome, Yerebatan Palace Basilica are place on the plain of the first hill.
Second hill is the place of the oldest and the biggest “Kapali Carsi / Covered Bazaar”. Nuruosmaniye Mosque and the remaining gift from Roman capital city times - Cemberlitas Pillar - are located here. While Suleymaniye Mosque is placed on the third and Fatih Mosque on the fourth hill of Istanbul, an aqueduct from the Roman times stretches between the two hills. Sehzade Camii and Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality building are placed here. Providing the water supply of the city in old times, gigantic Roman time open-air water basilicas are place in higher hills. Sultan Selim Mosque on the fifth and Kariye Museum are on sixth hill’s slopes. Passing over the tops of those hills, starting from Ayasofya square, reaching to the gates by branching out, the roads follow the Roman route. Marking the territory on the west, three-row fortified landside city walls are splendiferous examples of Roman military architecture. The city walls reach out to Eyup-Golden Horn (Halic) in the north. Giving its name to the hosting district, Eyup Sultan Camii is known to be the first mosque built in the city.
Enjoying the magnificent view of Suleymaniye Mosques from renovated Galata Bridge is priceless. Valide Mosque and Egyptian Bazaar are just across the bridge. Initially built for spice merchants, with its 100 shops, it is the second largest and crowded place of the city. Shops range from spices, dried fruits to various goods inside and fish, flower and fruit shop outside. Ports in the both sides of the bridge are the starting point of regular domestic ferry lines to the Asian shores, Uskudar, Kadikoy, Bosphorus and the Islands. Fish and bread sold in the small boats go best with the scenery of Istanbul’s straits and become source of inspiration for poems and songs. Living up with the old grandeur of the days of Orient Express, Sirkeci Train Station impatiently awaits to embrace the revitalization of its old days with the near-complete Marmaray Project. While Sepetciler Mansion serves the members of international press, the road going up in front of Sirkeci Train Station to the Istanbul Governorship, called Bab-i Ali Hill, is an important historical street.
The port, stretching out between Tophane and Galata Bridge, is reserved for tourist cruisers. With the cruises starting in April and ending in October, millions of tourists visit Istanbul. Tophane building has been redecorated as a gallery serving to the art life of the city. Further up of this quarter is adorned by Dolmabahce Palace and mosque, shining like a jewellery box in the shores of Bosphorus Straits. From this point, the beauty of Uskudar and Camlica hills in the shore and Topkapi Palace and Ayasofya in the west can be witnessed.
The Islands District still preserves its status to be among the first summer resorts. Although traveling to The Islands fastened with the speedy ferries, only medium of travel on the island is phaetons (carriages pulled by horses). Summer mansions, well-cared gardens are close by to the ports. Main attraction points of the spring and summer seasons become deserted places coated with pinewoods in the winter season. Every season has its own beauty. The Islands District is the ultimate destination for weekend picnics, swimming and yachters.